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What is the passive voice?
English almost always requires a subject at the beginning of a sentence.

Example: John made a mistake.

In the above example "John" is the subject. In some languages it is possible to omit the
subject. In English that is usually not an option.

This creates a problem for English speakers and English learners. What if "John" is our very
best friend and we don't want to embarrass him? What if he will get in trouble and we don't
want to be responsible for naming him?
Somehow we have to find a way to eliminate the subject from the sentence.

What if saying the subject of a sentence is ridiculous or redundant?

Example: The construction workers built the building in 1986 .


Obviously contruction workers built the building. if we want to speak grammatically correct
English it is necessarry to state who did the act. In these cases we usually use a pronoun.

Example: They biult the building in 1986.

There is another way

The Passive Voice

The passive voice does not eliminate the subject
but it makes the subject optional and places all of
the emphasis on the object.

Example: John Made a mistake

Lets' move "a mistake" to the beginning of the
sentence and remove our friend's name.

Now we have

A mistake made (by John)

To make the passive voice you will need two things: 1. The verb “to be”
and 2.  The past participle of  the original verb. Let’s practice making the
passive voice in the in present perfect continuous.
Note: Although present perfect progressive in passive voice is possible, it
is not very common ands even has a strange sound to it.
Passive voice in 3 easy steps
1. Identify the main verb and replace it with the verb "to be". The verb "to
be" must take the same form as the original verb.
He has been accepting an award.
verb
-"has been accepting"
"has been  --ing" is used to express the idea present and continuous.
The MAIN verb is accepting. "Accepting" is in "continuous" form.
We must replace "accepting" with "being"
Now we have "has been being"

2. Change the original verb into past participle form.
The pas participle of "accept" is "accepted" and it goes after the verb to
be. Result:
"has been being accepted"

3. Identify the object of the sentence and place it at the beginning of the
phrase.
What is he going to accept? An award.
Result.
An award has been being accepted (by him).

Let's practice the steps using the present perfect progressive.
Verb in original
form
Step 1
Replace MAIN verb
with "to be" in Main
verb's form.
Step 2
Change main verb to
past participle.
Step 3
Place main verb (in past participle
form) after verb to be and place
object in front of phrase.
She has been
learning English
has been being
Learned
English has been being
learned.
They have
been having a
good time.
has been being
had
A good time has been
being had.
He has not
been
understanding
the problem.
has not been
being
understood
The problem has not been
being understood.
She has been
paying the bill  .
has been being
paid
The bill has been being
paid .
He has been
cutting the
grass on
Saturday.
has been being
cut
The grass has been being
cut on Saturday.
The voters
have been
attacking his
policies.
have been
being
attacked
His policies have been
being attacked.
       
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